The Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act mandates swimming pool & spa safety requirements as they apply to pool and spa owners and managers.
The Virginia Graeme Baker Pool & Spa Safety Act
In December 2007, Congress and President Bush signed a new law which requires ALL PUBLIC POOLS AND SPAS to comply with the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act. The law includes provisions which allow states to qualify for Federally funded, State Swimming Pool Safety Grants, by implementing their own laws that meet requirements detailed in the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act and elsewhere. To view summaries of New York State laws associated with the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act that are applicable to both residential and commercial swimming pools and spas, see NYS Swimming Pool Rules and Regulations found in the Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code (note: link will be updated once NYS provides it).
Please note that New York State also mandates the use of barrier fences, and swimming pool & spa alarms in many cases of commercial and residential installations, which can be read about at the web site just mentioned (NYS Swimming Pool Rules and Regulations found in the Uniform Fire Prevention and Building Code – note: link will be updated once NYS provides it).
What should I do to comply with The Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act?
The Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act has been in effect since December 2008. The law states that each public pool and spa in the United States must be equipped with anti-entrapment devices or systems that comply with the ASME/ANSI 112.19.8 performance standard or any successor standard; and each public pool and spa in the United States with a single main drain other than an unblockable drain shall be equipped, at a minimum, with 1 or more of the following devices or systems designed to prevent entrapment by pool or spa drains.
The law further states that each swimming pool or spa drain cover manufactured, distributed or entered into commerce in the United States shall conform to the entrapment protection standards of the ASME/ANSI A 112.19.8 performance standard, or any successor standard regulating such swimming pool or drain cover.
Read the law in its entirety (click on the pdf icon that follows):
*This would have been installed during pool construction. It cannot be added to an already existing pool, only new construction.
You should also note that the Act defines unblockable drain as a drain of any size or shape that a human body cannot sufficiently block to create a suction entrapment issues. The ANSI/APSP-7 2006 standard requires that to be considered unblockable, a drain must be at least 31” in one dimension and at least 3” in the other dimension or must be larger than 18” in one dimension and larger than 23” in the other dimension with 4 in. radius corners.
What you should do to become compliant
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